This entity could also be a client or application server located in a non-IMS network, like an enterprise network or the Internet. A SIP request originated from outside the IMS and routed to it can be discriminated from an IMS-issued request, and the IMS application server can adapt its behavior to this origination. For instance, a request originated from the Internet was not authenticated by the IMS, and has to be processed accordingly.
I expect the latter example of the insertion of a media plane intermediary in an end-to-end multimedia session to be a fundamental IMS service use case in the future.
The IMS application server may reeive 3rd party registration requests from the S-CSCF, indicating that an IMPU has registered/re-registered/de-registered with the IMS core network. this implies that in that case the AS acts as a SIP registrar.
As the 3rd party registration provides little details about the registration (for instance the capabilities of the IMS client are not provided), the IMS AS may need to automatically SUBSCRIBE to the registration event package asociated to the IMPU as soon as it has received the 3rd party REGISTER indicating it has registered.
The AS may alternatively populate the P-Asserted-Identity header with a PSI, thus endorsing an identity associated with the service logic that initiates the request. For instance, an application server may initiate a request as a specific conference, voice mail account, or chat room.